Nosebleeds, also called epistaxes , involve bleeding from the inside of your nose. Many people have occasional nosebleeds, particularly younger children and older adults.
Although nosebleeds may be scary, they're generally only a minor annoyance and aren't dangerous. Frequent nosebleeds are those that occur more than once a week.
The lining of your nose contains many tiny blood vessels that lie close to the surface and are easily damaged.
The two most common causes of nosebleeds are:
Dry air — when your nasal membranes dry out, they're more susceptible to bleeding and infections
Other causes of nosebleeds include:
Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia
Blood thinners (anticoagulants), such as warfarin and heparin
Chemical irritants, such as ammonia
Foreign body in the nose
Nasal sprays, such as those used to treat allergies, if used frequently
Trauma to the nose
Less common causes of nosebleeds include:
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
Second trimester pregnancy
In general, nosebleeds are not a symptom or result of high blood pressure. It is possible, but rare, that severe high blood pressure may worsen or prolong bleeding if you have a nosebleed.
Remedies for Nosebleed
1. Pinch the Nose
The easiest way to stop a nosebleed is the time-honored pinch cure. Pinching the nose sends pressure to the bleeding point in the nasal septum, which helps stop the flow of blood immediately.
Sit up straight with your head tilted slightly forward.
Using your thumb and index finger, pinch the soft part of your nose below the bony bridge.
Do this for 5 to 10 minutes. During this time, breathe through your mouth.
Release the pressure gently and sit quietly for 5 minutes.
Repeat as necessary until the bleeding stops.
Note: Do not lay flat, tilt your head back or put your head between your legs. Also, do not blow your nose.